Ahead of Nigeria’s liberty, Nigeria had only two established Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher university (founded in 1934, Now Yaba University of Technology) and the College of Ibadan was established in 1948. It was a School of the University of London until two years following the independence when she became autonomous. More distinguished universities such as College of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University (formerly College of Ife), Ahmadu Bello College and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo University (formerly University of Lagos) were founded in the years that followed the Independence.
In 1970s more universities were launched including College of Benin (founded in 1970), and new school opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Port Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were exposed as well as institute focusing on Agriculture and Technology. Numerous Polytechnics were also opened, which include the Yaba College of Technology in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the estimated enrollment in the primary colleges was 12 million, Secondary and specialized schools 1.2 million, teachers colleges 240,000 and Universities 75,000. You might expect that with this calculate, the Nigerian education in Nigeria three decades following might have greatly improved. However the opposite has been the case.
The present decline in the Nigerian knowledge system can be traced back once again to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there was a shortage of qualified educators, the several qualified educators were not paid in a reasonable manner. The number of colleges didn’t grow with the population and many of the existing schools were inadequately financed causing poor maintenance. In the Universities inadequate funding resulted in the shortage of place and resources. Upsurge in tuition payment frequently triggered riots leading to termination of semesters. Industrial actions by the University Staff requesting for larger salaries and greater functioning conditions also compounded the situations. But, today governors in most state are handling these issues.
The harm to the educational process has been done. Most graduates lack the mandatory survival and social skills that should have already been learnt in schools. These have resulted in several devastating conditions in the nation. The biggest market of the nation’s growth “the Knowledge process” no longer supports price; ergo the entire nation is slipping apart. Items of the Nigeria knowledge process aren’t employable, creating substantial unemployment and under-development in the country. No emergency abilities ultimately causing improved poverty charge in the country 2020 jamb runz.
The situation however is not completely hopeless. The foundation of knowledge in Nigeria upon that your Europeans laid the western-style training is strong. It’s maintained to put up the instructional system of the united states together through the trouble days. But, if left alone, we shall all join Chinua Achebe and exclaim: Things break apart, The guts can’t hold… Anarchy is placed forth everywhere.
Conventionally, examinations are considered as a way of evaluation of pupils who have gone through one amount of training or yet another at the conclusion of a term, term or academic year. But, among other worrisome developments which the industry is encountering in the country in these days, the incidence of examination malpractices in the Nigerian educational program is really a cardinal one that’s rapidly accepting a level of national and international distress and harmful dimension. It is just a damaging crisis, which if not cured soon, may destroy the nation’s all-important training sector.